Background of intelligent water quality monitoring system
Of the water that covers 71 percent of the Earth's crust, only 2.5 percent or less is potable. This has led to serious consequences of increased concentrations of pollutants in freshwater bodies and water scarcity in different corners of the globe. Therefore, the emergence of intelligent water quality monitoring system brings people more safety and security.
There is no doubt that water is the most important resource on our planet. Without it, life would cease to exist and within days would surely collapse. Not only for general use, its application in industry also helps in the creation and extraction of other resources and products that are vital to our survival and sustainable living. Yet we have been exploiting this irreplaceable resource for decades.
Fresh water resources are being depleted at an uncontrollable rate. Currently, in addition to monitoring and maintaining optimal water quality. There is no way to improve the situation. At present, however, water quality measurements are done manually. This presents several challenges.
How to monitor water quality with IoT smart water quality monitoring system:
A smart water quality monitoring system using the Internet of Things is required to automatically monitor various parameters that determine water quality. IoT facilitates the development of automated water quality monitoring systems, thereby mitigating the aforementioned challenges. By using devices such as sensors and probes, several parameters of water can be measured in real time from remote locations.
These devices share real-time data about water quality to the platform suite. By using this platform, individuals or companies can take useful actions to ensure optimal water quality.
Some of the variables that can be measured by remote water quality monitoring devices are:
1) Turbidity: Turbidity is the number of individual suspended particles in water. Due to the presence of these particles, the water may appear cloudy or cloudy in appearance.
2) pH: Measuring the pH value or the power of hydrogen can tell whether the nature of the water is acidic or alkaline. Pure water has a pH of 7, but the pH can vary depending on topographical and geographical conditions.
3) Temperature: Water temperature plays a vital role in maintaining aquatic organisms and their habitats. For industrial applications, water temperature is also essential for efficient operation and increased productivity.
4) Dissolved Oxygen: BOD or Biological Oxygen Demand is a parameter that is fundamental for the breakdown of organic compounds present in water by various microorganisms.
5) Conductivity and TDS: Since water is a universal solvent, it can dissolve almost all available salts. A high concentration of TDS (Total Dissolved Salts) in water will increase its conductivity and affect the reproduction and growth of aquatic organisms.
6) Salinity: High salinity in water also increases salinity. Salt water is not intended for drinking purposes and is not suitable for domestic, industrial or agricultural use.
These parameters measured by water quality monitoring devices allow IoT systems to perform real-time water quality monitoring, which can be used to develop useful insights and take informed actions.
Water Quality Monitoring System|Solution
Water quality monitoring of rivers, lakes, and reservoirs: large-scale deployment of monitoring equipment along rivers and lakes, Internet of Things technology as the carrier, big data and cloud computing technology as the starting point, through the establishment of a system management platform, to provide a full range of water quality monitoring solutions .Ocean water quality monitoring: The floating water quality monitoring system can accurately measure the sea water quality online, in situ, and send the data back to the onshore data center in real time to provide timely warnings and effectively monitor the sea water quality.